On August 10, 1519, a Portuguese seaman and researcher Ferdinand Magellan (born Fernão de Magalhães) with five ships under the Spanish royal flag sailed from Spanish Seville along the Guadalquivir River on a trip around the world. They sailed over the river for more than five weeks and left Spain on September 20, 1519, and headed for the Atlantic Ocean.
On December 13th, the ships sail to the Rio de Janeiro Bay and on 31 March 1520 Magellan sailed in the Bay of St. Julien. On November 1, the ships sailed into a very narrow overflow, and on 28 November Magellan already saw the Pacific Ocean. Although he lost one boat during the passage through the overflow, he achieved his first success, discovering a 583 km long overflow linking the Atlantic and Pacific Ocean. The overflow is still named after him – Strait of Magellan. In March 1521 Magellan discovered the Philippines. Under his command there were then about 150 seamen. Here he decided to first capture the archipelago and proclaim it as a Spanish estate, then proceed to the Molukov. That was a fateful decision for him. During the local conflict, on April 27, 1521, in the battle of Maktan, he was killed. He was 40 or 41 years old.
In September 1522 only one ship Victoria returned to the Seville port of Sanlucar de Barrameda. There were only 18 sailors on it. Over 230 seamen died during the Magellan’s three-year expedition. Magellan, even though he had not reached the end of the journey around the world, has definitively proved that the Earth is round. He gave the name of Patagonians and their lands, found a transition from the Atlantic to the Pacific, and discovered a whole range of islands.
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