The end of peasant uprising in 1573

On February 9, 1573, a decisive conflict in the great Croatian-Slovenian peasant uprising happened in the Stubica district.

One of the reasons for this was the increase in burdens on Tahi’s holdings, which was in dispute with other landowners and, consequently, increased taxes, exaggerated pressure, restricting the true position of the peasants, and terrorizing them. Styrian and Carniolian farmers also took part in the campaign. Resistance Leader: Mitja Gubec and Ilija Gregorić mobilized about 12,000 rebels, while the uprising spread in the area of ​​5,000 square kilometers.

The rebellion began to take shape in 1572, and most of the fighting took place in January and February 1573. After the first successes, it was that less trained and armed army of the  peasants began to lose the fights one after the other. The last group of rebels under Gubec’s leadership managed to make a last stand around Stubica. The exact number of rebels in this group can not be determined, but was probably about 6,000 men. They were hunted by commander Alani with 5,000 armored troops. From the recorded reports, it is evident that the authorities were not sure of where the last resistance group was located, and they concluded that they were either in Stubica or Cesargrad. 

At that time, the noble army was able to move 30-kilometers on a daily basis (12 hours a day), the Alapi group approached rebels near Krapina, and on Stubica field they encountered the Gubec peasants army. The battle was more extensive than the others, it lasted for four hours, and the noble armies were assisted by units from surrounding fortresses. The defeat and prosecution of the rebel army and the arrest of their leader Matija Gubec followed.

The rebellion thus ended on February 15, 1573, when they killed the leader of the rebellion on carnival Sunday. The procession thus represented the march of Matija Gubec with an iron crown (made from a wire and used for lifestock) to be executed. During the march, he was pinched with iron clamps, and then four horses torn him apart. In addition to physical violence, the feudal lords also carried out economic pressure over areas of rebellion: pressure and levies have increased, and certain territories have been plundered and devastated.

Peasant revolt
Johann Weichard Valvasor 17th century



3 thoughts on “The end of peasant uprising in 1573

  1. A very informative, fascinating blog- excellent!

    1. VigilantKnigh 17 Feb 2019 — 7:46 pm

      Thank you 🙂

      1. You’re sincerely welcome.

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